• Diesel Extra                 500 ppm with additive
  • V Power Diesel            50 ppm with advanced additive
  • Paraffin                        Dyed Illuminating Paraffin
  • Shell Lubricants
  • Easigas


How Fuels are made from Crude Oil

The oil refining process starts with a fractional distillation column.

The problem with crude oil is that it contains hundreds of different types of hydrocarbons all mixed together. You have to separate the different types of hydrocarbons to have anything useful. Fortunately there is an easy way to separate things, and this is what oil refining is all about.

Different hydrocarbon chain lengths all have progressively higher boiling points, so they can all be separated by distillation. This is what happens in an oil refinery – in one part of the process, crude oil is heated and the different chains are pulled out by their vaporization temperatures. Each chain length has a different property that makes it useful in a different way.

To understand the diversity contained in crude oil and to understand why refining crude oil is so important, look through the following list of products that come from crude oil:

Petroleum gas – used for heating, cooking and making plastics
Naphtha or Ligroin – intermediate that will be further processed to make gasoline
Gasoline – motor fuel
Kerosene – fuel for jet engines and tractors; starting material for making other products
Gas oil or Diesel distillate – used for diesel fuel and heating oil; starting material for making other products
Lubricating oil – used for motor oil, grease and other lubricants
Heavy gas or Fuel oil – used for industrial fuel; starting material for making other products
Residuals – coke, asphalt, tar, waxes; starting material for making other products

All of these products have different size molecular chains and boiling ranges. Chemists take advantage of these properties when refining oil